Sixth Generation (film directors)


Sixth Generation (film directors)
The Sixth Generation of directors denotes the group of mostly independent filmmakers who began directing after 1989. They are sometimes also called the ‘urban generation’ because of their focus on city culture. Generally acknowledged as the founder of the Sixth-Generation style is Zhang Yuan, whose third feature Beijing Bastards (Beijing zazhong)—with its marginal characters, semi-underground life style, low budget, non-professional actors and improvised script—became the representative piece of new urban cinema in the early 1990s.
The often improvised style and focus on social issues created a cinema verité with a very different atmosphere from the national epics of the Fifth Generation (film directors). Themes such as homosexuality, substance abuse, drifting youths, small crooks or divorce often made it difficult to pass through censorship, and consequently, most of these films were shown to overseas audiences first and remained unavailable to the general public in China. Central directors and films are: Wang Xiaoshuai’s Frozen (Dongchun de rizi), Seventeen-Year-Old Bicycle (Shiqisui de danche) and, most recently Drifters (2003), produced by Peggy Chiao; He Jianjun’s Postman (Youchai); Lu Xuechang’s The Making of Steel (Zhangda chengren); and Wang Chao’s Orphan of Anyang (Anyang gu’er). Wang Quan’an’s Lunar Eclipse (Yue shi) and Lou Ye’s Suzhou River (Suzhou he) tend towards the mystical and added art film to urban realism. Jia Zhangke’s two features, Little Wu (Xiao Wu) and Platform (Zhantai), remain two of the most important films for their pointed but stylish look at friendship, love, family and post-Mao society.
Cornelius, Sheila (2002). New Chinese Cinema: Challenging Representations. London: Wallflower Press.
Cui, Shuqin (2001). ‘Working from the Margins: Urban Cinema and Independent Directors in Contemporary China’. Post Script 20.2/3 (Winter/Spring): 77–92.
Dai, Jinhua (2002). Trans.
Wang Yiman. ‘A Scene in the Fog: Reading the Sixth Generation Films’. In Jing Wang and Tani Barlow (eds), Cinema and Desire: Feminist Marxism and Cultural Politics in the work of Dai Jinhua. London: Verso, 71–98.
Lau, Jenny Kwok Wah (2003). ‘Globalization and Youthful Subculture: The Chinese Sixth Generation Films at the Dawn of the New Century’. In idem (ed.), Multiple Modernities: Cinemas and Popular Media in Transcultural East Asia. Philadelphia: Temple University, 13–27.
Teo, Stephen (2003). There is No Sixth Generation: Director Li Yang on Blind Shaft and His Place in Chinese Cinema’. Sense of Cinema 27 (July/August). Online journal, available at http://www.sensesofcinema.com [interview with Li Yang].
Wedell-Wedellsbord, A. (1995). ‘Chinese Literature and Film in the 1990s’. In R.Benewick and P.Wingrove (eds), China in the 1990s. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Zhang, Yingjin (1998). ‘Chinese Cinema and Transnational Cultural Politics: Reflections on Film Festivals, Film Productions, and Film Studies’. Journal of Modern Literature in Chinese 2.1: 105–32.
BIRGIT LINDER

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dirt (1994 film) — Dirt Traditional 頭發亂了 Simplified 头发乱了 Mandarin Tóu fā luàn le Directed by …   Wikipedia

  • List of Chinese directors — The following is a list of notable film directors from Mainland China. B*Bu Wancang (1903–1974)C*Joan Chen (born 1961), Chinese actress and director. *Chen Daming, actor turned director. *Chen Kaige (born 1952), major figure of the Fifth… …   Wikipedia

  • Beijing Film Academy — Infobox University name =Beijing Film Academy motto = established =1950 type =Film school, state chancellor = Professor Zhang Hui Jun vice chancellor = city =Haidian District, Beijing state = country =China students = staff = campus =Urban… …   Wikipedia

  • In Public (film) — Infobox Chinese Film name = In Public image size = caption = director = Jia Zhangke producer = Cha Seoung Jae writer = Jia Zhangke starring = music = cinematography = Yu Lik wai Jia Zhangke editing = Jia Zhangke distributor = released = Jeonju:… …   Wikipedia

  • Suzhou River (film) — Infobox Chinese Film name = Suzhou River caption = The French poster for Suzhou River River of Love writer = Lou Ye starring = Zhou Xun Jia Hongsheng producer = Philippe Bober Nai An director = Lou Ye music = Jörg Lemberg cinematography = Wang Yu …   Wikipedia

  • Frozen (1997 film) — Frozen Fox Lorber DVD cover Directed by Wang Xiaoshuai Written by …   Wikipedia

  • Beijing Film Academy — (Beijing dianying xueyuan) The Beijing Film Academy (BFA: http://www.bfa.edu.cn/) was founded in 1950 and has since become China’s premier institution for film studies. An outgrowth of the film department of the Central Cultural Ministry Graduate …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Mama (film) — Mama Traditional 媽媽 Simplified 妈妈 Mandarin Māma Directed by …   Wikipedia

  • On the Beat (1995 film) — On the Beat Traditional 民警故事 Simplified 民警故事 Mandarin Mín jǐng gù shì Directed by …   Wikipedia

  • Day and Night (2004 Chinese film) — Day and Night Directed by Wang Chao Produced by Fang Li Sylvain Bursztejn …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.